McLaren Racing Limited is a British motor racing team based at the McLaren Innovation Centre, Woking, Surrey, England. McLaren is best referred to as a Formula One builder and also has a history of completing in American open wheel racing as both an entrant and a chassis fabricator, and has won the Canadian-American Challenge Cup (Can-Am) cars racing championship. The team is the 2nd earliest active, and second most successful Solution One team after Ferrari, having won 182 races, Motorists' Champions and eight Constructors' Champions. The team is a wholly owned subsidiary of the McLaren Group. Founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren, the group won its first Grand Prix at the 1968 Belgian Grand Prix, but their biggest preliminary success was in Can-Am, which they controlled from 1967 to 1971. Additional American triumph followed, with Indianapolis 500 wins in McLaren cars and trucks for Mark Donohue in 1972 and Johnny Rutherford in 1974 and 1976. After Bruce McLaren passed away in a testing mishap in 1970, Teddy Mayer took control of and led the team to their very first Solution One Constructors' Championship in 1974, with Emerson Fittipaldi and James Hunt winning the Drivers' Champion in 1974 and 1976 respectively. The year 1974 likewise marked the start of a long-standing sponsorship by Phillip Morris' Marlboro cigarette brand.In 1981, McLaren merged with Ron Dennis' Task Four Racing; Dennis took over as group principal and soon after arranged a buyout of the initial McLaren shareholders to take complete control of the group. This began the group's most successful era: with Porsche and Honda engines, Niki Lauda, Alain Prost, and Ayrton Senna took in between them seven Drivers' Champions and the team took 6 Fabricators' Championships. The mix of Prost and Senna was particularly dominant-- together they won all but one race in 1988-- but later on their rivalry soured and Prost left for Ferrari. Fellow English group Williams provided the most consistent obstacle during this duration, the two winning every fitters' title between 1984 and 1994. click here Nevertheless, by the mid-1990s, Honda had actually withdrawn from Formula One, Senna had actually moved to Williams, and the group went three seasons without a win. With Mercedes-Benz engines, West sponsorship, and former Williams designer Adrian Newey, more championships can be found in 1998 and 1999 with chauffeur Mika Häkkinen, and during the 2000s the group were consistent front-runners, motorist Lewis Hamilton taking their newest title in 2008. Ron Dennis retired as McLaren team principal in 2009, turning over to long time McLaren staff member Martin Whitmarsh. However, at the end of 2013, after the group's worst season given that 2004, Whitmarsh was ousted. McLaren announced in 2013 that they would be using Honda engines from 2015 onwards, changing Mercedes-Benz.
The group raced as McLaren Honda for the first time given that 1992 at the 2015 Australian Grand Prix. In September 2017, McLaren announced they had actually agreed on an engine supply with Renault from 2018 to 2020. McLaren will return to utilize Mercedes-Benz engines from the 2021 season until a minimum of 2024. After initially going back to the Indianapolis 500 in 2017 as a partner to Andretti Autosport to run Fernando Alonso, McLaren announced in August 2019 that they would run in combination with Arrow Schmidt Peterson Motorsports starting in 2020 to run the complete IndyCar Series, the combined entry being called Arrow McLaren SP. Bruce McLaren Motor Racing was founded in 1963 by New Zealander Bruce McLaren. Bruce was a works driver for the British Solution One team Cooper with whom he had actually won three Grands Prix and come 2nd in the 1960 World Championship. Wishing to compete in the Australasian Tasman Series, Bruce approached his companies, but when group owner Charles Cooper insisted on utilizing 1.5-litre Formula One-specification engines instead of the 2.5-litre motors permitted by the Tasman guidelines, Bruce decided to establish his own team to run him and his prospective Solution One teammate Timmy Mayer with custom-made Cooper cars.